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Methyl Ethyl Ketone

Methyl Ethyl Ketone

CAS:78-93-3

Cyclohexanone

Cyclohexanone

CAS:108-94-1

Acetone

Acetone

CAS:67-64-1

Acetic Acid

Acetic Acid

CAS:64-19-7

Ethyl Acetate

Ethyl Acetate

CAS:141-78-6

Toluene

Toluene

CAS:108-88-3

Benzene

Benzene

CAS:71-43-2

Ethanol

Ethanol

CAS:64-17-5

Methanol

Methanol

CAS:67-56-1

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nitration of m-xylene

Mononitration of p-Xylene Industrial & Engineering Chemistry

Takehiko Yamato, Koji Fujita, Hideo Kamimura, M. Tashiro, Albert J. Fry, Julian Simon, Joseph Ochterski. Nitration of 2,7-Di-tert-butyl-trans-10b,10c-dimethyl-10b,10c-dihydropyrene. Electrochemical inquiry into interaction between substituents in a Hückel 4n+2 system.

Nitration of o-xylene over rare earth ions exchanged zeolite-β …

1/6/2006· Nitration with nitric acid and acetic anhydride via acetyl nitrate as nitrating species is efficient and preferable rather than reaction in 1,2-dichloroethane solvent. Among the lanthanides

Dinitration of m-Xylene - ECHEMI

5/8/2015· Hi How can I di-nitrate the m-Xylene? only 2 NO2 groups on benzene not 1 NO2 or 3 NO2 group.places of NO2 groups are not important.thanks I want to do with an effective and straightforward method. I think HNO3/H2SO4 is suitable but I don''t know how I should

Mononitration of p-Xylene Industrial & Engineering Chemistry

Takehiko Yamato, Koji Fujita, Hideo Kamimura, M. Tashiro, Albert J. Fry, Julian Simon, Joseph Ochterski. Nitration of 2,7-Di-tert-butyl-trans-10b,10c-dimethyl-10b,10c-dihydropyrene. Electrochemical inquiry into interaction between substituents in a Hückel 4n+2 system.

m-Xylene - CheK

19/11/2022· m-Xylene - Nature colorless transparent liquid with strong aromatic odor. Relative density 0.8684, (d20) 0.642. Melting Point -872 °c. Boiling point 139.1 °c. Refractive index 4972, (,z) 4971. Flash point 29. 44 °c. Spontaneous ignition point was 527. 78 ℃. Insoluble in water, soluble in ethanol and ether. Last Update:2022-01-01 10:39:13

Mononitration of m-Xylene - Sciencemadness

Effect of Amount of Sulfuric Acid on Nitration of m-Xylene 200 grams of rn-xylene 25'' C. nitrated with 10% excess nitric acid, 60- minute addition time 128 INDUSTRIAL AND ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY Vol. 46, No. 4 Downloaded by NESLI CONSORTIA UNIT

Mononitration of m-Xylene - Sciencemadness

The meta isomer is available in largest quantities for nitration. A maximum yield of 9870 mononitro-m-xylene can be secured by nitrating under the following optimum conditions: 1.08 moles of sulfuric acid per mole of xylene, 10% excess nitric acid,

Process design of two-step mononitration of m-xylene in a …

8/6/2022· The nitration of m -xylene in microreactors has been rarely reported, especially synthesis process at the kilogram level. In summary, the development and design of the nitration of m -xylene in a microreactor is the most promising potential for industrial production.

Nitration xylenes - Big Chemical Encyclopedia

Nitration xylenes Derivation By nitrating xylene and separating from the resulting mixture by rectifiion. Unlike o-xylene and p-xylene, the appliion of m-xylene is limited to the production of isophthalic acid, nitrated xylenes and m-xylylenediamine.

Regioselective nitration of o-xylene to 4-nitro- o-xylene using …

1/8/2003· The regioselective nitration of o-xylene to 4-nitro-o-xylene (4-NOX) has been studied in the liquid and vapor phase over zeolites H-beta, H-ZSM-5 and silica supported molybdenum oxide

US3371122A - Continuous process for the nitration of xylene

a continuous process for the nitration of xylene to form mononitroxylene which process comprises (a) reacting xylene with a mixed nitric-sulfuric acid solution having a d.v.s. value of 2.5 to

Process for the nitration of xylene isomers using zeolite beta alyst …

21/12/2001· The selectivities of the nitro isomers are: 4-nitro-o-xylene—46%, 3-nitro-o-xylene—34% in nitration of o-xylene; 2-nitro-m-xylene—9% and 4-nitro-m-xylene—78% in nitration of m-xylene. The demerit of this process is the necessity for continuous feeding of expensive ozone, which is ecounfriendly.

Process design of two-step mononitration of m-xylene in a …

1/6/2022· Nitration in a Uniqsis chip reactor is much easier to scale up to decagram scale per hour, but the yield of nitro-o-xylenes is only 88%, which is unsatisfactory. Very recently, Li''s group designed

Nitration of m-Xyiene with Nitric Acid in the Presence of Liquid Mixture of m …

Mononitration of tn-xylene with nitric acid in the liquid mixture of m-benzenedisulfonic acid and phosphoric acid was studied. The distribution of mononitro isomers was determined by means of gas liquid chromatography. The yield of mononitrated products was excellent and the content of 4-nitroisomer was higher than that by the usual method.

Process for the nitration of xylene isomers using zeolite beta alyst …

21/12/2001· The selectivities of the nitro isomers are: 4-nitro-o-xylene—46%, 3-nitro-o-xylene—34% in nitration of o-xylene; 2-nitro-m-xylene—9% and 4-nitro-m-xylene—78% in nitration of m-xylene. The demerit of this process is the necessity for continuous feeding of expensive ozone, which is ecounfriendly.

m-Xylene C6H4(CH3)2 - PubChem

m-Xylene C6H4(CH3)2 or C8H10 CID 7929 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classifiion, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more. National Institutes of Health PubChem

Dinitration of m-Xylene - ECHEMI

5/8/2015· Hi How can I di-nitrate the m-Xylene? only 2 NO2 groups on benzene not 1 NO2 or 3 NO2 group.places of NO2 groups are not important.thanks I want to do with an effective and straightforward method. I think HNO3/H2SO4 is suitable but I don''t know how I should

Why meta xylene is more stable?

Why does M-Xylene undergoes nitration 100 times faster than P xylene? Since both are activating groups, there would be a greater electron density at the ortho and para positions with respect to both the groups. This would make meta xylene more susceptible

Nitration of m-Xyiene with Nitric Acid in the Presence of Liquid Mixture of m …

Mononitration of tn-xylene with nitric acid in the liquid mixture of m-benzenedisulfonic acid and phosphoric acid was studied. The distribution of mononitro isomers was determined by means of gas liquid chromatography. The yield of mononitrated products was excellent and the content of 4-nitroisomer was higher than that by the usual method.

Which is most readily nitrated?

Solution : m-xylene is most easily sulphonated because O and P both positions are free with respect to methyl group. Which of the following is difficult to nitrate? Talking about Benzene , we know that benzene can undergo nitration reaction in the presence of concentrated nitric acid and concentrated sulphuric acid mixture leading to the formation of nitrobenzene and releasing one …

CN105175269A - Synthesis method of 4-nitro m-xylene by selective nitration of bismuth nitrate - Google

A synthesis method of 4-nitro m-xylene by selective nitration of bismuth nitrate comprises the following steps: adding 3-7ml of petroleum ether to a round bottom flask under magnetic stirring,

Learn about nitration of m xylene Echemi

26/3/2022· Echemi provide nitration of m xylene related news articles. You''ll find the trends and top topics of nitration of m xylene here. Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-base Balance

Process design of two-step mononitration of m-xylene in a …

In this study, m-xylene nitration was scaled up in a microreactor. The effects of temperature, molar ratio, and mass fraction of sulfuric acid on the two synthesis methods were systematically analyzed. The reaction temperature and mass fraction of sulfuric acid are the main factors influencing the generation of poly-nitro impurities when the mixed acid reacts with m-xylene. …

Why meta xylene is more stable?

Why does M-Xylene undergoes nitration 100 times faster than P xylene? Since both are activating groups, there would be a greater electron density at the ortho and para positions with respect to both the groups. This would make meta xylene more susceptible

Mononitration of p-Xylene Industrial & Engineering Chemistry

Mononitration of p-Xylene Kenneth A. Kobe and Herman Levin Cite this: Ind. Eng. Chem. 1950, 42, 2, 352–356 Publiion Date: February 1, 1950 © American Chemical Society RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS Article Views 131 Altmetric - Citations 16 LEARN ABOUT THESE METRICS PDF (850 KB)

Process design of two-step mononitration of m-xylene in a …

In this study, m-xylene nitration was scaled up in a microreactor. The effects of temperature, molar ratio, and mass fraction of sulfuric acid on the two synthesis methods were systematically analyzed. The reaction temperature and mass fraction of sulfuric acid are the main factors influencing the generation of poly-nitro impurities when the mixed acid reacts with m-xylene. …

Nitration of xylene gives only one mono - nitro derivative. Which xylene is …

Nitration of para xylene gives only one mono-nitro derivative. Nitration of ortho xylene gives two mono-nitro derivative. Nitration of meta xylene gives three mono-nitro derivative. Solve any question of Haloalkanes and Haloarenes with:- Patterns of problems > Was this answer helpful? 0 0 Similar questions

Electrophilic aromatic substitution. Part 19. The nitration of some reactive aromatic compounds in perchloric …

rate profiles for nitration of m -xylene, p -xylene, mesitylene, 1,3-dimethoxybenzene, 3,5-dimethylanisole, and (when correction is made for protonation) 3,5-dimethoxytoluene and 1,3,5-trimethoxybenzene in aqueous perchloric acid are all closely similar, and probably reflect the rate of encounter between nitronium ion and aromatic compound in …

Regioselective nitration of aromatics under phase-transfer alysis conditions …

25/10/2011· The ratio of 2-nitro- m -xylene to 4-nitro- m -xylene was increased to 91.3%:7.7%; the ratio of 4-nitro- o -xylene to 3-nitro- o -xylene was increased to 71.1%:27.2%; both the conversions were over 96%. The appliion prospect of this nitration system is more practical than other reported methods in industry.

CSIRO PUBLISHING Australian Journal of Chemistry

3/2/2015· Abstract Nitration with nitric acid and acetic anhydride via acetyl nitrate as nitrating species is efficient with the substrate m -xylene as solvent. Zeolite Hβ with an SiO 2 /Al 2 O 3 ratio of 500 was found to be the most active of the alysts tried both in yield and regioselectivity in the nitration of m -xylene.

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